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Accretion and magnetic reconnection in the pre-main sequence binary DQ TAU as revealed through high-cadence optical photometry

Tofflemire, Benjamin M Y Mathieu, Robert D. Y Ardila, David R. Y Akeson, Rachel L Y Ciardy, David R Y Herczeg, Gregory J. Y Johns-Krull, Christopher M Y Quijano-Vodniza, Alberto (2016) Accretion and magnetic reconnection in the pre-main sequence binary DQ TAU as revealed through high-cadence optical photometry. In: 227th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society, Enero 8,2016, Kissimmee, Florida-USA.

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Protostellar disks are integral to the formation and evolution of low-mass stars and planets. A paradigm for the star-disk interaction has been extensively developed through theory and observation in the case of single stars. Most stars, however, form in binaries or higher order systems where the distribution of disk material and mass flows are more complex. Pre-main sequence (PMS) binary stars can have up to three accretion disks: two circumstellar disks and a circumbinary disk separated by a dynamically cleared gap. Theory suggests that mass may periodically flow in an accretion stream from a circumbinary disk across the gap onto circumstellar disks or stellar surfaces.The archetype for this theory is the eccentric, PMS binary DQ Tau. Moderate-cadence broadband photometry (~10 observations per orbital period) has shown pulsed brightening events near most periastron passages, just as numerical simulations would predict for a binary of similar orbital parameters. While this observed behavior supports the accretion stream theory, it is not exclusive to variable accretion rates. Magnetic reconnection events (flares) during the collision of stellar magnetospheres at periastron (when separated by 8 stellar radii) could produce the same periodic, broadband behavior when observed at a one-day cadence. Further evidence for magnetic activity comes from gyrosynchrotron, radio flares (typical of stellar flares) observed near multiple periastron passages. To reveal the physical mechanism seen in DQ Tau's moderate-cadence observations, we have obtained continuous, moderate-cadence, multi-band photometry over 10 orbital periods (LCOGT 1m network), supplemented with 32 nights of minute-cadence photometry centered on 4 separate periastron passages (WIYN 0.9m; APO ARCSAT). With detailed lightcurve morphologies we distinguish between the gradual rise and fall on multi-day time-scales predicted by the accretion stream theory and the hour time-scale, rapid-rise and exponential-decay typical of flares. While both are present, accretion dominates the observed variability providing evidence for the accretion stream theory and detailed mass accretion rates for comparison with numerical simulations.

Tipo de Elemento: Conferencia o Taller artículo (Speech)
Palabras Clave: Accretion,Magnetic Reconnection, Binary DQ Tau , Alberto Quijano Vodniza, Observatorio Astronómico Universidad de Nariño
Asunto: Q Ciencias > QB Astronomy
Q Ciencias > QC Physics
Division: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales > Programa de Física
Fecha Deposito: 01 Feb 2017 20:11
Ultima Modificación: 01 Feb 2017 20:11

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