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Preparation of Al/Fe-Pillared Clays: Effect of the Starting Mineral

Muñoz, H. Joseph Y Blanco, Carolina Y Gil, Antonio Y Galeano, Luis-Alejandro (2017) Preparation of Al/Fe-Pillared Clays: Effect of the Starting Mineral. Preparation of Al/Fe-Pillared Clays: Effect of the Starting Mineral, 10 (12). pp. 1-8. ISSN 10.3390/ma10121364.

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Four natural clays were modified with mixed polyoxocations of Al/Fe for evaluating the effect of the physicochemical properties of the starting materials (chemical composition, abundance of expandable clay phases, cationic exchange capacity and textural properties) on final physicochemical and catalytic properties of Al/Fe-PILCs. The aluminosilicate denoted C2 exhibited the highest potential as starting material in the preparation of Al/Fe-PILC catalysts, mainly due to its starting cationic exchange capacity (192 meq/100 g) and the dioctahedral nature of the smectite phase. These characteristics favored the intercalation of the mixed (Al13-x/Fex)7+ Keggin-type polyoxocations, stabilizing a basal spacing of 17.4 Å and high increase of the BET surface (194 m²/g), mainly represented in microporous content. According to H₂-TPR analyses, catalytic performance of the incorporated Fe in the Catalytic Wet Peroxide Oxidation (CWPO) reaction strongly depends on the level of location in mixed Al/Fe pillars. Altogether, such physicochemical characteristics promoted high performance in CWPO catalytic degradation of methyl orange in aqueous medium at very mild reaction temperatures (25.0 ± 1.0 °C) and pressure (76 kPa), achieving TOC removal of 52% and 70% of azo-dye decolourization in only 75 min of reaction under very low concentration of clay catalyst (0.05 g/L).

Tipo de Elemento: Artículo
Palabras Clave: catalytic wet peroxide oxidation; keggin-like mixed Al/Fe polyoxocation; mineralogical composition; pillared clay; smectite
Asunto: Q Ciencias > QD Chemistry
Division: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales > Programa de Química > Productividad
Depósito de Usuario: PhD Luis Alejandro Galeano
Fecha Deposito: 23 Abr 2018 14:22
Ultima Modificación: 23 Abr 2018 14:22

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